Malacology is the study of mollusks. This includes animals like octopus, snails, slugs, and clams. It is the second largest phylum of animals, making them one of the most successful groups on the planet. There are over 80,000 described species of mollusks with many more left to be discovered. Mullusca is composed of 8 recognized classes including Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, Polyplacophora, Scaphapoda, Monoplacophorans, the Aplacophorans, Caudofoveata and Solenogastres, and Bivalvia.
Length (mm): 75-126
The junonia shell has a relatively slender shell with 5 to 6 shell whorls. The apex of this moderately sized spire is blunt. The lower part of the inner aperture has up to four folds leading into the shell. This shell is white to tan, sometimes with a pink hue. It has spiral lines of rectangular brown markings.
North Carolina to Gulf of Mexico
30 to 110 meters
It is the offical state shell of Alabama. This shell is highly sought after by shellers due to its beauty and rarity. Its rarity is due to the Junonia living in relatiely deep water making it uncommon for the shell to wash onto shore.
MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Scaphella junonia (Lamarck, 1804). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=527749 on 2021-06-23
Rosenberg, G. 2009. Malacolog 4.1.1: A Database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca. [WWW database (version 4.1.1)] URL http://www.malacolog.org/
Morris, P. A. (1987). A field guide to shells: Atlantic and Gulf coasts and the West Indies (3rd ed.). Houghton Mifflin.